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Antique & Unusual Apples
Red Fleshed Apples
Common Favorite Apples
Named Seedling and Unknown Apples
Antique and Unusual Apples!
At Hocking Hills Orchard, here at the Four Seasons Cabins, we grow many different varieties of Apples, Pears, Grapes and other fruit.
The apple varieties in this group fit for different reasons; either they have been around for 100 years or longer if antiques
or have something unusual about them in shape, taste, color or history that caught my attention. Most apple varieties in
stores today are there because of a few reasons, none of which is taste; (1) they ripen close together so labor costs are
minimized, (2) they ship well so produce losts are minimized due to bruising, (3) they have an "appealing" look so that an apple
like Calville Blanc d'Hiver with its bumps and humps would never fit in.
At one time in America, mid to late 1800's,there was thought to be around 4,000 different varieties of apples! Now, Pomologists
(fruit growing scientists), estimate there are around 2,000 in America and up to 10,000 in the world. Of those numbers most stores
only carry six to ten different varieties. Think of the range of tastes that are available.
(1759 Sweden) Medium to large, oval fruit. Pink flush over a pale primrose skin. Pale cream, crisp, juicy flesh with a refreshing raspberry-like flavour. It arose as a seedling at the Akero mansion south of Stockholm or was brought there from Holland around 1759. It was first recorded in 1858 by the pomologist Olof Eneroth.
(Humboldt County, California, USA) Large, almost white skinned fruit. Very crisp, juicy refreshing white flesh. Name was chosen to conjure up the image of cool, white majesty. An Albert Etter named seedling.
- Antonovka 1.5 Pounds
(Humboldt County, California, USA) Large, almost white skinned fruit. Very crisp, juicy refreshing white flesh. Name was chosen to conjure up the image of cool, white majesty. An Albert Etter named seedling.
- Apfel Aus Grunheide
(Seed planted about 1833; propagated after 1868 Arkansas, USA) Fruit is medium to large, skin dull dark red, greenish-yellow ground
color, blackish tinge. Flesh greenish-cream colored, very firm, crisp, flavor sub-acid. Harvest season very late, 2 weeks after Delicious.
- Arkansas Black
(@1870 Benton County, Arkansas, USA) Medium to large, smooth skinned, dark red to almost black apple. Crisp, juicy, yellow flesh. Thought to be a seedling of Winesap.
- Arthur Turner
(1912 Berkshire, England, UK) Large conical fruit. Delicate brownish pink flush over pale green/yellow skin. Sharp, pale cream flesh. Cooks to a well flavoured, yellow puree requiring little added sugar. An excellent early cooking apple.
- Baldwin (aka Woodpecker)
(1740 Lowell, Massachusetts, USA) Large, tough, smooth, red skinned apple with white stars. Crisp, solid, juicy, aromatic, yellowish flesh. Most widely planted apple in the U.S. until the 1920's.
(1802 Mayo, Ireland) Medium size fruit, skin greenish yellow blushed red- brown, blotched pink, russet. Harvest season mid to late.
Fruits have firm, white flesh with an acid flavour.
- Beauty of Bath
(1864 England, UK) Medium sized fruit, flat shape, yellow flushed with red stripe. Flesh creamy white, soft, very juicy, sweet, a little acid, distinctive flavor. Received First Class Certificate from Royal Horticultural Society in 1887.
- Belle de Jardins
(donated to US 1934 from Zaragoza, Spain) Large fruit, prominently ribbed at calyx basin. Skin green-yellow blushed up to
three quarters orange and dark red. Flesh is coarse, hard, greenish. Flavor subacid, harvest season late. Cultivar name translated means 'Beauty of the Gardens'.
- Belle de Pontoise
(1879 France) Open pollinated seedling of Alexander. Fruit is very large, flat shape, rectangular, convex, yellow-green flushed orange, striped red, some russet. Flesh firm, crisp, white, subacid with traces of sweetness. Dessert and cooking.
- Ben Davis
(1880 Arkansas, USA) Famous old southern apple noted for its rapid growth and excellent keeping qualities. Large, conical, white-fleshed, red and dark carmine striped fruit is borne heavily and annually. The tree is a very good pollinator and is one
of the parents of Cortland. Once called "mortage lifter" for the income it generated by shipping barge loads on the Mississippi River to New Orleans for export.
- Ben Davis, Black
(Arkansas, USA) Red fruited mutation of Ben Davis. Why is it called "Black" if it is a red fruited mutation?
- Bitterforest Apple
(donated to the USA in 1947 from Bosnia and Herzegovina.) Medium size greenish yellow apple. I grafted it because it is a weird name and
and from an unusual place.
- Black Oxford Apple
(before 1790, Oxford County, Maine, USA.) Outstanding apple, a favorite long ago around much of
Maine Medium-sized round fruit, deep purple with a blackish bloom. Excellent pies, superb late cider.
- Blenheim Orange
(1740 Oxfordshire, England, UK) Large, flat round fruit. Orange red flush and stripes over greenish yellow skin. Speckled with fine brown russet spots and patches. Creamy white flesh with a crumbly texture. Considered as one of the loveliest apples with a distinctive, dry, nutty flavour. Dual purpose. Cooks to a stiff puree.
- Bloody Ploughman
(1883 Gowrie, Scotland, UK) Medium to large, flat-round, ribbed fruit. Blood red skin. Crisp, juicy flesh becomes stained pink when very ripe. Sweet with a light flavour. There is a colourful story behind the rather strange name. A ploughman was caught stealing apples from the Megginch estate and shot by a gamekeeper. His wife threw the stolen apples on a rubbish heap. One of the seedlings which arose was resued and gave rise to the variety which was named after the unfortunate ploughman.
- Bouquet of Burgundy
I do not know anything about this variety except that I like the name!
- Bramley's Seedling
(between 1809 and 1813, Notinghamshire, England, UK) First exhibited in 1876. Received a First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural
Society in 1893. Bramley's Seedling more commonly referred to simply as Bramley is undoubtedly the classic English cooking apple
- Burr Knot
(1818 England, UK) Large, round fruit. Red flush on a very greasy yellow skin. Cooks to a yellow puree which is sweet and pleasantly flavoured. Characterised by burrs at the base of branches which will root if planted. Burr Knot and similar varieties, which were propagated from cuttings, were widely grown by small farmers in 19th Century particularly in South Wales. Burr Knott has been used as a rootstock in the past.
- Calville Blanc d'Hiver
(1598 France) Medium to large pale green fruit with light red dots on sunny side. Bottom half sharply segmented, segment lines often extend to stem. Tender, sweet, spicy yellowish white flesh. More vitamin C than an orange. Favorite apple of King Louis XIII of France and a favorite of Thomas Jefferson.
- Calville Rouge d'Hiver
(1600 Britanny, France) Fruits have rather soft, moderately juicy flesh with a somewhat sweet flavour.
- Carter's Blue
(1840's Mount Meigs Depot, Alabama, USA) The fruit is very attractive with a bluish color due to its heavy bloom. Once thought to be extinct, this wonderful apple was rediscovered by Lee Calhoun growing in the National Fruit Trust in Kent, England. Medium to large fruit with greenish-yellow skin, mostly covered with dull red and all overlaid with a heavy bluish bloom. Flesh is white, crisp and juicy and very fragrant. Flavor has been described as "rose-water." Ripens September and not a good keeper.
(early 1600's Ireland) A very old cooking apple first mentioned in literature from 1629. It was once widely sold by Virginia nurseries until the early 1900's. Supposedly resembles a catís head when viewed in profile, but this feature is variable. A very large round apple with greenish-yellow skin. Good for cooking and drying. Ripens September.
- Chenango Strawberry
(Connecticut or New York, USA)
- Circassian Apple
(donated to the USA in 1933, Russian Federation) A semiwild variety of exceptional vigor and productivity.
- Clear Gold
(discovered 1962, Golden Delicious limb mutation. Pennsylvania USA) Medium size fruit, conical, skin clear gold, almost no russeting
even under adverse conditions. Flesh same as Golden Delicious, ripens Oct. 1.
(1951 Ireland) Fruit size is medium, shape flat, truncate-conic, convex, ribbed on body. Skin pale yellow flushed carmine, russet dots. Flesh firm, white, flavour acid.
- Coast Apple
(donated to the USA in 1970, South Africa) Fruit size is medium, shape flat, truncate-conic, convex, ribbed on body. Skin pale yellow flushed carmine, russet dots. Flesh firm, white, flavour acid.
- Coconut Crunch
(Northern Spy x Delicious; introd. about 1982, Idaho, USA) Very large fruit, skin 80% red, striped, shape conic, ribbed. Flesh hard,
yellow, flavor subacid. Harvest season late October.
- Coe's Golden Drop
(donated to the USA in 1960. England, UK)
- Coeur de Boeuf
(known since the 1200's France) Fruits have soft, greenish veined pink flesh with a sweet subacid, aromatic flavour.
Large flat-round apple. Red flush over a green skin. Cooks to a sweet, lemon coloured puree. Keeps well.
- Cornish Aromatic
(1813 but thought to be many centuries older Cornwall, UK) Medium sized, round-conical to oblong-conical fruit, ribbed and very distinctly five crowned. Dry skin, greenish-yellow, half flushed dullish red with broken, short darker red stripes. Variable amounts of russetting, which in some years may be limited to small russet dots and in others may comprise of large ochre russet patches covering much of the surface and producing a pretty patterns with the underlying red flush . White flesh with greenish tinges, firm and rather dry. Has a fine aromatic, almost spicy flavour in good years but may lack flavour in poor years.
- Court of Wick
(introduced 1790, Somerset, England, UK) Fruits are crisp with a rich and subacid flavour. Small to medium, conical fruit. Red flush and russet spots over a golden yellow background.
- Court Pendu de France
I know nothing except the name and my scion source.
- Court Pendu Gris
(known in 1300's France) Medium sized fruit, shape flat, truncate-conic, convex, ribbed on body, asymmetric. Skin deep yellow, slightly flushed and striped pink, russet round eye, thick. Flesh firm, crisp, yellowish white. Flavor very sweet, slightly subacid, aromatic, season very late.
- Court Pendu Noir
Name and source only.
- Court Pendu Plat
(known since Roman times) Perhaps the oldest variety of apple still grown. First described in about 1613 and considered of great antiquity then. Still considered one of the best of the really late dessert varieties. Very late flowering and because of that was known as the "Wise" apple by some. Medium sized flat, well-rounded, regular fruit with a barely perceptible stem which causes it to lay flat against the branch like a peach. Greenish yellow to orange flushed with rose. Slight russetting with dry skin. The flesh is creamy white, firm, fine-textured and juicy. Fruity flavour with pineapple-like acidity. Becomes sweet with keeping but retains its strong flavour.
- Court Pendu Rose
(Of great antiquity but first described about 1613) Medium sized fruit, shape flat, rectangular, convex, not ribbed. Skin yellow flushed dull red with some russet. Flesh firm, crisp, yellowish white. Flavor sweet, rich, perfumed. Late flowering.
- Crimson Gold
(Introduced 1944, Yellow Newtown x Esopus Spitzenburg. California, USA) Large fruit, skin 10% pink blush on green ground. Flesh firm, cream colored, flavor subacid.
- Crow Egg
(early 1800's USA) The northern Crow Egg is a medium size apple, somewhat flattened in appearance with yellow skin flushed with red shading.
- Devonshire Quarrenden
(1676 Devon, England, UK) Small to medium sized fruit. Solid red skin with a distinct strawberry flavor.
(1917 Open-pollinated, M. baccata x M. prunifolia origin. Intro) Crabapple, name in Russian means "long".
- Duchess' Favorite
(raised late 1700's to early 1800's Surrey, England, UK) Raised in about 1800 by Mr Cree, nurseryman of Addlestone, Surrey and
named after the Duchess of York who lived nearby. A popular Victorian garden apple. An attractive, colourful apple. Small to medium-sized fruit. Round to flat- round shape, slightly ribbed.
Bright red flush and faint red stripes over a pale greenish yellow background. Firm white flesh, sometimes tinged red. Quite sharp with a strawberry flavour.
- Dumelow's Seedling
(late 1700's probably from a Northern Greening Seedling, Leicestershire, England, UK) Large, regular, flat-round shaped fruit. Pale
greenish yellow. Delicate pinkish orange blush and stripes. Firm, juicy, acid, white flesh. Cooks to a strong flavoured, pale cream puree. Keeps very
well retaining much of its acidity and flavour until spring. A very good culinary apple. It was a widely grown and popular culinary variety in England
until it was superceded by Bramley's Seedling in the early 1900's.
- Early Harvest
(early 1800's or before USA) Medium size fruit, skin yellowish-green, flesh soft, nearly white. Harvest season very early, late July.
- Ellison's Orange
(late 1800's, Cox's Orange Pippin x Calville Blanc Lincolnshire, UK) Medium, round-conical fruit. Brownish red flush and stripes over
a greenish yellow skin. Small russet patches. Creamy white flesh. Crisp and juicy. Intense aromatic flavour similar to Cox. The aniseed flavour to which
the literature often refers is not always very noticeable and certainly not unpleasant. At its best Ellison's Orange can surpass Cox in flavour.
- Esopus Spitzenberg
(1790 Esposus, New York, USA) Medium to large, orangish fruit with red stripes and russet dots. Crisp,fine grained, spicy, juicy yellowish flesh with a rich aromatic flavor. This was the favorite apple of Thomas Jefferson!
- Etter's Gold
(Humboldt County, California, USA) Wagener x Transcendant Crab. Medium to large greenish yellow fruit ripening to clear gold. Crisp, juicy, sweet white flesh. One of the first seedling varieties developed by Albert Etter.
(France) Planted in USA in 1730, thought to have been brought to Canada from France. Also known as Snow. Probable parent of
McIntosh. Fruits have rather soft, fine-textured, juicy flesh with a very sweet and vinous flavour - similar to McIntosh.
- Fenouillet de Ribours
(first fruited in 1840 France) Large fruit with prominent ribs at eye and on body. Skin greenish, partly covered with bronze
russet, white dots. Fruits have fine, white flesh with a sweet, subacid, aniseed perfumed flavour. Season very late
- Fenouillet de Rose
(first described in 1667 France) Fruits have fine, soft, dry flesh with a sweet flavour.
- Fenouillet Gris
(first described in 1608 France) Medium size fruit, slightly ribbed on the body. Skin dull yellow, entirely covered with solid and
netted reddish brown russet and conspicuous light russet dots. Fruits have fine, crisp, white flesh with a sweet and aniseed flavour. Harvest season late to very late.
- Finson's Orange
(donated to USA in 1973 Tasmania, Australia)
- Flower of Kent
(original tree was growing about 1660 Kent, England, UK) The falling of this apple led Isaac Newton to discover the law of gravity. Large sized fruit, red, striped, shape conic. Flesh firm, white tinged green, flavor slightly acid, slightly astringent. Fruits drop severely before they ripen.
(1995 New York, USA) Red Spy x Empire cross. The fruit is very large and red. Yellowish flesh with unique flavor-best qualities of both its parents.
- Freiherr Von Berlepsch
(1880 Rheinland, Germany) Fruits have crisp flesh with a subacid flavour.
(1865 England, UK) Large size fruit, shape flat, conic, convex, not ribbed. Skin greenish yellow, slightly streaked and flushed crimson. Flesh tender white, flavor sweet. Cooking apple now seldom grown.
(late 1940's University of Minnesota, USA) Formerly known as MN 447. Open pollinated seedling of Malinda. Grandparent of Honeycrisp, been described as
tasting like raw sugar cane with a sweet, molasses flavor. Frostbite (MN 447) is not ideal for eating on its own, nor would it be good for pies or sauces.
It is best suited for use in ciders.
(Wuerttemberg, Germany) Medium to large sized fruit, shape intermediate to flat, conic or truncate-conic, convex, ribbed slightly on body at eye. Skin greenish yellow nearly covered with dark orange-red flush and deeper red stripes, some russet. Flesh firm, greenish white. Flavor sweet, subacid. Cultivar translated may mean 'spicy'. Ripens in October.
(Switzerland) A green, smooth skinned, bell-shaped culinary apple. Keeps its shape when cooked and has a translucent quality. It is still very popular in Switzerland for making Apple Strudel. An ancient variety of unknown origin, once widely grown in Europe.The name derived from the shape literally means Bell Apple.
- Gloria Mundi
(1804 New York, USA) Very large fruit, skin greenish-yellow sometimes with faint bronze blush. Fruits have rather soft,
coarse-textured, dry flesh with a subacid flavour. Harvest season early October.
- Glorie van Holland
(1890 Gelderland, Netherlands) Medium size yellow fruit with red blush, sometimes russetted.
- Golden Sweet
(1832 Connecticut, USA) An extraordinarily sweet apple, so sweet that the "first bite can be a shock." It has no acid to balance the sweetness,
so eating Golden Sweet can be like eating a tablespoon of honey. Fruit is medium to large with thin, smooth waxy yellow skin. The sweet yellow flesh is firm, juicy,
(1883 Mayo, Ireland)The flesh is very white, crisp, fairly juicy and with a suspicion of lemon flavour. The fruit is medium-sized and
conical, varying to somewhat flattened with a characteristic square appearance at the eye end. The skin is smooth and dull green with small russet specks.
(1966 Kent, England, UK) James Grieve x Golden Delicious cross. Medium sized, round fruit. Pale green skin ripening to bright yellow. Creamy white, crisp, juicy flesh. Pleasant refreshing flavour. Sweet but with some balancing acidity.
(1862 England, UK) Large, round-conical fruit. Ribbed and often irregular in shape. Pale green skin ripening to pale yellow.
White flesh cooking to a sharp, pale cream puree. A good early cooking variety.
(1913 Minnesota, USA) Melinda x Selected cross. Originated in Excelsior, Minnesota, USA by the University of Minnesota Fruit Breeding Farm. Selected in 1913 and introduced in 1923. Fruits are crisp and juicy.
- Harold's Large
Large apple that is supposed to taste like a hint of licorice. Bright yellow fruit with intense red cheek. Highly aromatic, yellow flesh.
(1945 Washington, USA) Golden Delicious x Gravenstein. Gourmet dessert apple with a flavor and aroma like pineapple. Large, yellow
fruit with light pinkish orange striping gives overall orange appearance. Exceptionally sweet flavor is largely influenced by Gravenstein. Growth habit
is moderate spreading and easily trained.
- Hoary Morning
(1819 Somerset, England, UK) A large, distinctly striped, dual-purpose apple. Flat-round to short-round-conical shape. Fairly regular. Faint trace of ribbing. Pale green background skin colour becoming yellow. Almost completely
covered with bold red stripes and a bloom. Creamy white flesh, firm, and rather dry. Some sweetness and plenty of acidity. When cooked keeps its shape.
- Hollow Log
(1860 North Carolina, USA) Large fruit, skin greenish-yellow. Flesh soft, nearly white, flavor subacid.
(1952 Ohio, USA) Johnathan x Delicious cross. Medium to large sized fruit, oblong conic. Completely covered with cherry red, smooth, thick skin. Flesh subacid, texture excellent.
(1918 Germany) Possibly a Cox Orange Pippin seedling. A medium/large sized apple. Greenish yellow background skin colour becoming
golden yellow with orange red stripes. Slight russeting. Deep cream flesh, slightly coarse-textured, juicy, with an intense rich aromatic flavour.
Slightly large for a dessert apple but excellent for juice producing an intensely aromatic, orange-yellow coloured juice.
- Howgate Wonder
(1915 Isle of Wight, UK) Blenheim Orange x Newton Wonder. Very large, round-conical fruit. Attractive looking. Pale green skin
with brownish red flush and stripes. Pale cream flesh. Sharp pleasant taste. Produces a good sharp juice.
- Hubbardston Nonsuch
(1832 Massachusetts, USA) Large red fruit with sweet, subacid flavor.
- Irish Peach
(1819 Sligo, Ireland) Medium sized fruit, brownish red flush over a greenish yellow skin. Crisp, juicy,
pale cream flesh. Good balance of sugar and acidity. Excellent flavour for a summer apple. Does not keep and best eaten from the tree. Vigorous tip
bearing tree. Good cropper.
All I know about this one is that this is my Mothers name.
(1923 Missouri, USA) Ingram x Jonathan cross. Medium to large reddish fruit.
(1933 Texas, USA) Chance seedling. Fruits have firm, crisp, juicy flesh with a subacid and aromatic flavour.
McIntosh x Livland Raspberry cross. Yellow fruit washed with crimson. Juicy, aromatic white flesh, somewhat similar to McIntosh.
Junaluska is one of those venerable old apples long sought by apple collectors but thought to have been extinct since the 1800's. However, in 2001, noted apple hunter Tom Brown of Clemmons, NC, found an old tree growing in Macon Co., NC, with fruit which closely matched the old apple. He collected a handful of samples and sent a few apples to Big Horse Creek Farm and other collectors for verification. They all agreed he had indeed found the true Junaluska! According to the description in Calhounís Old Southern Apples, the original tree was owned by a Cherokee chief named Junaluskee who lived in either Macon or Cherokee County, NC. When the state began purchasing Cherokee lands in the 1800's, Chief Junaluskee refused to give up the land on which the tree was growing. After meetings with State Commissioners he finally agreed to sell the tree for $50. It is a large to very large, high-quality apple with a distinctive irregular globular form. The dull yellow skin is somewhat rough with raised russet patches, occasional greenish spots and with a pale red flush on the sunny side. The tender yellow flesh is juicy and rich with a pleasant subacid flavor.
- Kandil Kitaika
(former USSR) Very large white petals on flowers. Fruit size is small to medium. Skin dark red, shape conic, juicy, white flesh.
- Kandil Sinap
(early 1800's Turkey) Tall, narrow, cylindrical shaped apple. Creamy yellow porcelain like skin with a brilliant red blush. Crisp, juicy, fine grained white flesh.
- Kidd's Orange Red
(1924 North Island, New Zealand) Cox Orange Pippin x Red Delicious cross. Medium sized, round-conical fruit. Crimson flush over a
green skin ripening to yellow. Creamy white, firm, juicy flesh. Excellent aromatic flavour.
- King Edward VII
(1902 Worcester, England, UK) Medium to large sized fruit. Flat-round to round shape, slightly ribbed and puckered. Bright green
becoming pale yellow. Smooth dry skin. Cream flesh, firm and fairly juicy. Cooks to a well-flavoured , translucent puree. Continues to develop a
sweeter taste and then makes a brisk eating apple.