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Antique & Unusual Apples
Red Fleshed Apples
Common Favorite Apples
Named Seedling and Unknown Apples
More Unusual and antique apples!
At Hocking Hills Orchard, here at the Four Seasons Cabins, we grow many different varieties of Apples, Pears, Grapes and other fruit.
The apple varieties in this group fit for different reasons; either they have been around for 100 years or longer if antiques
or have something unusual about them in shape, taste, color or history that caught my attention. Most apple varieties in
stores today are there because of a few reasons, none of which is taste; (1) they ripen close together so labor costs are
minimized, (2) they ship well so produce losts are minimized due to bruising, (3) they have an "appealing" look so that an apple
like Calville Blanc d'Hiver with its bumps and humps would never fit in.
At one time in America, mid to late 1800's,there was thought to be around 4,000 different varieties of apples! Now, Pomologists
(fruit growing scientists), estimate there are around 2,000 in America and up to 10,000 in the world. Of those numbers most stores
only carry six to ten different varieties. Think of the range of tastes that are available!
(dates back to Roman times) Small, smooth yellow fruit with glossy red cheek. Crisp, juicy, pure white flesh, highly aromatic.
- Ladys Finger of Offaly
(1851 Ireland) Belongs to the group of apples called "lady fingers" which are long and slender. Yellow skin with red stripes, medium sized, aromatic, subacid flavor.
- Lass o'Gowrie
(1883 Scotland) Old Scottish summer cooking apple. Fruits have soft flesh with a subacid and sweet flavour.
- Lord Hindlip
(1896 Worcestershire, England, UK) Medium sized fruit, shape intermediate, truncate-conic, slightly ribbed. Skin greenish yellow, covered crimson flush and streaks, some russet. Flesh firm, coarse, crisp, juicy, yellowish to greenish. Flavor sweet, season very late. Late, high quality dessert apple.
Medium sized yellowish orange fruit with some red stripes. Juicy, slightly coarse white flesh.
- Lubsk Queen
(1800's Russia) Liberty Hyde Bailey, after seeing an exhibit of Lubsk Queen at the Columbia Exposition in 1893, wrote: "This apple was the most remarkable combination of brilliant pink and white and pruinose color of which the eye can conceive. It's perhaps the most striking single variety of fruit shown at the Fair." Lubsk Queen was one of some 350 Russian apples brought into the United States by Professor J. L. Budd of Iowa State Agricultural College and Charles Gibb of Quebec between 1879 and 1885 from various localities in Russia in an attempt to find varieties that could survive the harsh winters of Quebec and the Northern U. S. prairies. A medium to large apple, the flesh of Lubsk Queen is snow white, firm, juicy, brisk, tart to most tastes.
- Maiden's Blush
(1817 New Jersey, USA) Medium size fruit, skin ground color yellow green, over color 30% orange blush. Flesh semi-firm, nearly white.
(1854 England, UK) Large fruit, skin greenish yellow flushed and splashed deep red, light russet dots. Flesh firm, crisp yellowish.
Flavor rich subacid, harvest season mid to very late.
(pre 1750 Europe) Known in England since 1750 but thought to have originated somewhere in Europe. Medium size fruit, yellowish orange, deep red
streaks, some russet. Firm, sweet, rich. One of the best flavored dessert apples.
(North Carolina, USA) Mattamuskeet probably originated near Lake Mattamuskeet in Hyde County, North Carolina. Legend has it that the
seed was taken from the gizzard of a wild goose by the Mattamuskeet Indians. Fruit is medium-sized and slightly conical or irregular in shape. Skin is
greenish-yellow and covered with dull purplish or rusty overtones. Flesh is dull yellow, firm, juicy, and acid when picked, but mellows in storage.
- Merton Knave
(1948 Merton, England, UK) Laxton's Early Crimson x Epicure cross. Medium size fruit, skin 90-100% red, blushed color pattern. Flesh semifirm
sometimes watercore, cream-colored. Flavor subacid.
- Milo Gibson
(USA) Red and yellow fruit. A fine tasting apple with unique licorice flavor.
- Mollie's Delicious
(1948 New Jersey, USA) (Golden Delicious x Edgewood) x (Red Gravenstein x Close). very large fruit, skin 70-90% red, striped.
Flesh semifirm, cream colored, juicy. Flavor subacid, aromatic. Similar to Golden Delicious.
I do not know anything about this variety.
(1840 Bolton, Massachusetts, USA) Medium to large fruit is slightly oblong with thin, smooth, red skin. Flesh is yellow, fine-grained, tender, juicy with a sweet-acid flavor and a pleasant aroma.
- Moyers Spice
Medium sized red striped fruit. Aromatic, semi-crisp, white flesh with a true spicy flavor.
- Newtown Wonder
(1870 Derbyshire, England, UK) Dumelow Sdlg. x Blenheim Orange cross. Very large, flat-round fruit. Greenish yellow skin covered
with orange red flush and red stripes. Firm, juicy, creamy yellow flesh.
(1939 New York, USA) Carlton x McIntosh cross. Medium to large fruit, skin 90% red, color pattern blush and stripe, conspicuous dots,
sometimes slight russet. Flesh semifirm, whitish cream, sometimes greenish tinge. Flavor subacid.
(early 1800's Nickajack Creek, North Carolina, USA) Believed to have originated with the Cherokee Indians. Favored for its large size, dependability and long keeping ability. Fruit large with greenish-yellow skin streaked with red. Crisp, yellowish flesh is juicy with a brisk subacid to sweet flavor.
- Northern Spy
(1800 East Bloomfied, New York, USA) A large greenish yellow apple flushed and striped pinkish red. Fine grained, rather firm, juicy, yellowish flesh. Tart, aromatic, subacid flavor.
- Northfield Beauty
(latter half of the 1800's Northfield Mountains of Vermont, USA) Medium to large fruits, predominately red in color. Hangs well
to the tree. Maintains it's quality longer both on the tree and in storage. Heavy producer, immune to scab. Skin whitish yellow , striped and splashed
with red. Flesh crisp, white.
- Ohio Nonpareil
(1848 Massillion, Ohio, USA) Large fruit, skin 80-90% dull red, striped. Flesh firm, yellow, flavor subacid.
- Old Nonpareil
(ancient English apple possibly dating back to Queen Elizabeth's time) A small late fall apple, this variety has streaks and spots of brown russet, a faint orange flush, and yellowish-green skin. Tender, crisp, and delicious greenish flesh. It was described by 17th century French writers.
(1899 Michigan, USA) Large fruit, skin pale yellow, bright scarlet blush and stripes, dotted, very greasy. Flesh firm, fairly crisp,
cream to yellowish white. Flavor sweet.
- Pacific Gold
(1944 California, USA) Very large fruit. Flesh tender, crisp, quite sweet, dessert quality.
(1858 Fynn, Denmark) Medium fruit, skin greenish yellow, blushed red, striped scarlet, dotted, some russet netting. Flesh fairly
crisp, tender, greenish white. Flavor slightly sweet, subacid.
(1200's? Wales, UK)
- Pomme Cloche
(known since 1700's Europe) Very large fruit. Flesh tender, crisp, quite sweet, dessert quality.
- Pomme Framboise
(1770 Germany?) Medium sized fruit, shape variable, tall or intermediate, rectangular or truncate-conic, convex, ribbed on body and at eye. Skin yellow flushed, dotted and striped dull red. Flesh fine, somewhat loose, greenish yellow to yellowish- white, sometimes tinged red. Flavor vinous and sweet, aromatic.
- Pomme Grise
(Canada or maybe France) Small to medium fruit, skin russet sometimes 10-20% dull orange blush. Flesh firm, light yellow. Flavor subacid.
- Pomme Raisin
(1842 Vaud, Switzerland) Medium fruit, skin green, marbled and streaked light red, numerous light grey dots, blue bloom, slightly greasy.
Flesh fine, firm, crisp, greenish white. Flavor subacid, strongly aromatic.
- Pound Sweet
(1834 Connecticut, USA) Very large, amber to golden fruit when ripe. Sweet, unusual flavor with yellowish flesh.
- Pumpkin Sweet
(1834 Connecticut, USA) Very large fruit. Skin light green, sometimes with orange stripes, shape round, ribbed. Flesh firm, cream-colored, water core. Flavor sweet, eating quality good.
- Purpurroter Cousinot
(1828 Germany) Small to medium size fruit. Shape is oblong-round, color is dark red.
(1900 Missouri, USA) An old Stark Bros. apple which originated in Missouri around 1900. A large fruit with yellow skin colorfully
striped with red. The yellow flesh is juicy and fine-grained.
- Ralls Janet
(1800 Virginia, USA) An apple with a long, convoluted history, Ralls Janet first gained attention in 1800 where it was grown on the farm of Caleb
Ralls in Amherst County, Virginia. Fruit is medium to large with thin greenish-yellow skin covered with pinkish red and overlaid with dark red striping.
The yellowish flesh is fine-grained, crisp and juicy. Ripens in October and is an excellent keeper.
- Red Astrachan
(before 1800 Russia) Medium fruit with thin, pale yellow skin that is nearly covered with bright red and crimson splashes and stripes.
White flesh is often tinged with red streaks and is coarse, crisp, moderately juicy and briskly subacid in flavor.
- Red Baron
(1969 Minnesota, USA) Golden Delicious x Daniels Red Duchess cross. Medium to large cherry-red fruit. Crisp, juicy white flesh with an acidic, tart flavor.
- Red Bellflower
- Red Rome
(1816 Ohio, USA) Medium to large red skinned fruit. Crisp, tart white flesh.
- Red Westfield Seek No Further
(1869 New York, USA) Red fruited mutation of Westfield Seek No Further.
(1981 Indiana, USA) Raised by Purdue, Rutgers and Illinois Universities. Medium fruit, glossy with 90% bright red color. Smooth waxy,
russet-free skin. Light flesh crisp and juicy, excellent flavor.
- Rhode Island Greening
(before 1650 Probably in the vicinity of Newport, RI, near the place now known as Green's End, USA) Medium to large fruit,
skin yellowish green with occasional orange flush, russet at the calyx end, pale dots, greasy. Flesh firm, fine, greenish yellow. Flavor acid. Excellent
for cooking and drying.
- Saint Cecilia
(1900 Wales, UK) Medium to large fruit have a crisp, juicy flesh with a rich, aromatic flavour.
- Saint Lawrence
(before 1835 Montreal, Canada) Medium to large fruit have tender, very white flesh with a subacid flavour.
- Schweizer Orangenapfel
(1935 Wadenswil, Switzerland) Large to very large fruits have firm, creamy white flesh with a subacid flavour.
- Seestermuher Zitronenapfel
(early 1900's Germany) The name translates to Seestermuher Lemon Apple.
- Severny Sinap
(former USSR) Medium to large fruit, yellow with orange blush. Tall, late dessert apple.
(1975 Connecticut, USA) Macoun x Delicious cross. Medium fruit, skin 90-100% dark red, dull, blushed. Flesh semifirm, cream colored.
- Snowsweet (Minn 1797)
(1970 Minnesota, USA) Sharon x Connel Red cross. As its name implies, SnowSweet has a white flesh, which is slow to oxidize when cut.
It is sweet, with low acidity.
(1944 Geneva, New York, USA) Red Spy x Monroe cross. Large fruit, skin attractive crimson, blushed. Flesh firm, light yellow,
- Spokane Beauty
Known mainly for its unusual size, can grow up to two pounds and more. Greenish apple with red shoulders.
- State Fair
(1979 Minnesota, USA) Mantet (Tetofsky x McIntosh) x Oriole cross. Medium sized fruit, bright red stripes over yellow. All purpose summer apple. Juicy with yellow, semi-sweet to subacid flesh. Ripens early to late August.
(1866 Kansas, USA) Winesap seedling. Medium to large fruit, skin 90% red, striped attractive, sometimes small cracks.
Flesh firm, greenish light-yellow, eating quality very good.
- Summer Banana
(late 1800's South Carolina, USA) usually medium in size, a deep yellow with small light green splotches and perhaps a few red dots at
its peak of ripeness. The flesh is fine grained and can have a faint smell of banana if fully ripe.
- Summer Orange
(early 1900's North Carolina, USA) The fruit is large, round, and light greenish-yellow in color with dark specks. In the early 1980's, Lee Calhoun rediscovered this old North Carolina apple growing in a homeowner's field in Chatham County, NC. From 1920 - 1928, Summer Orange was listed in an old catalog from a small nursery located in Chatham Co. It apparently was grown only in Chatham and nearby counties and never became commercially popular.
- Summer Rambo
(France) The fruit can be picked while still green for frying, pies and applesauce. The fruit can be large and is often ribbed
with unequal sides. Skin is greenish yellow washed with pink and carmine on the sun exposed side. The greenish yellow flesh is coarse, tender and very juicy.
(1993 Indiana, USA) I grafted this because we used to have a dog named this. The fruit is medium to large, occasional mottled,
pink-orange blush, 100% pale yellow, attractive. Medium-course grained, cream color, very firm and crisp & breaking flesh. Full, rich flavor, juicy.
Very good quality.
(1897 Berkshire, England, UK) Northern Spy seedling. Medium fruit, skin pale yellow, variable orange red flush and bright carmine
stripes, russet at base. Flesh soft, tender, loose texture, whitish. Flavor sweet, subacid. (unique pear-grape flavor) Good eating.
(1918 Kent, England, UK) Cox Orange Pippin seedling. Small to medium sized, flat-round fruit. Orange flush and stripes over
a golden yellow skin covered in small russet patches. Moderately juicy, crisp, cream coloured flesh. Sweet but with plenty of acidity.
Intense aromatic, flavour very similar to Cox.
(1955 Kent, England, UK) Cox Orange Pippin x Court Pendu Plat cross. Suntan is a handsome late dessert apple, rich, sweet,
with plenty of pineapple-like acidity and very aromatic.
- Sweet Bough
(1817 USA) Medium to large size fruit. Juicy, crisp white flesh with honey sweet flavor. Green and pale yellow skin with a red blush.
- Sweet Delicious
(1911 Geneva, New York,USA) Deacon Jones x Delicious cross. Very large fruit, skin 90% red, not striped scarfskin, attractive.
Flesh firm, cream colored. Flavor sweet, aromatic.
- Sweet Sixteen
(1978 Minnesota, USA) Malinda x Northern Spy cross. Large red striped fruit, up to one pound in weight. Aromatic, moderately acid, firm, cream colored flesh with high sugar content.
- Tango Wine
I like the name!
(1800's Georgia, USA) Joyce Neighbors of Gadsden, Alabama, noted apple collector,
says the Tar Button is an old variety first described in a 1982-1983 catalog of Lawson's Nursery in Ball Ground, Georgia. According to Jim Lawson this
apple probably originated with a Humphrey Tarbutton of northern Georgia sometime in the 1800's. Fruit is yellow with red striping and is a very good
cooking and drying apple as well as a fine fresh eating variety. Considered one of the best for apple jelly.
- Teint Frais
(late 1700's Britanny, France) Large fruit, skin yellowish with salmon pink blush, stillate russet dots and occasional patches, greasy. Flesh
firm, fine, white, with a green coreline. Flavor acid.
- Tolman Sweet
(1822 Thought to be Massuchusetts, USA but not certain) The tree grows well, is very hardy, long-lived and once very popular
in home orchards of New England. Fruit is medium-sized and round with yellowish-white skin often with a faint red blush. The firm, fine-grained white
flesh is juicy and sweet.
- Tompkin's County King
(1750 New Jersey, USA) Large to very large fruit. Smooth yellow skin washed with orangish red, sometimes striped. Coarse, yellowish flesh with rich, subacid flavor.
- Twenty Ounce
(1840 New York, USA) Very large fruit as its name implies. Broad red stripes over greenish background skin. Skin is "peened" like Granny Smith. Semi-firm white flesh is juicy and acidic.
(late 1700's Wilmington, Delaware, USA) Fruit is medium to large with yellow skin overlaid with pale red stripes. A good keeper, it becomes greasy feeling in storage and loses some crispness, but
remains an excellent cooking apple until March or April. Has very hard, crisp yellow flesh that is juicy and sweet. Ripens in October or later.
(1969 Wisconsin, USA) Parentage includes Jonathan, Delicious, Williams Early Red, Early McIntosh and Starr. Large to very large fruit. Skin 80-100% dark purplish red, blushed, round shape. Flesh semi-firm, cream colored, some water core. Flavor subacid, aromatic.
(early 1600's France) Fruits have firm, fine, white flesh with a subacid and slightly aromatic flavour.
- Virginia Winesap
(1920's Troutville, Virginia, USA) A red sport of Winesap.
- Western Beauty
(1815 Marietta, Ohio, USA) Fruit closely resembles Summer Rambo, but ripens later. Considered one of the best fall apples. Fruit
is large and conical in shape. The skin is thin and greenish-yellow covered with a dull red coat overlaid with deep red striping. Flesh is greenish-white,
juicy, tender and mild.
- Westfield Seek-No-Further
(1790 Westfield, Massachusetts, USA) Medium to large fruit is streaked with red and russet over yellowish background. Crisp, juicy, high qualtiy white flesh. Aromatic, mildly subacid, distinctive flavor. Rated as very good to best in "Apples of New York" by Beach.
- Winter Banana
(1876 Cass County, Indiana, USA) Fruit is large and conical in shape. The smooth, tough skin is bright yellow with a pinkish red blush on the sun-exposed side. The whitish flesh is crisp, fine-grained and juicy. A very attractive apple that when well grown can have a very faint aroma of fresh bananas.
- Winter Sweet Paradise
(1842 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, USA) Fruit is medium to large with dull green or yellowish skin, sometimes having a slight
brownish or purple blush on the sunny side. The white flesh is tender, juicy and sweet and is sometimes said to have pear-like flavor.
- Wolf River
(1875 Wolf River, Fremont County, Wisconsin, USA) Believed to be an Alexander seedling. Fruit is large to very. Skin is greenish
yellow covered with splashes and stripes of red and carmine. The soft, tender whitish flesh is coarse-grained and moderately juicy.
- Yellow Bellflower
(1742 Burlington County, New Jersey, USA) Large size fruit often lopsided shape. Lemon yellow skin with conspicuous white dots, often blushed with pink. Crisp, medium fine grained cream colored flesh. Sweet, slightly subacid flavor.
- Yellow Red Delicious
(1967 North Rose, New York, USA) Anthocyaninless mutation of Delicious. Fruit and tree indistinguishable from Delicious, except fruits are not red but yellow-green,
sometimes 20% dull pinkish blush, sometimes red streak chimeras. Delicious with no red color.
- Yellow Transparent
(Russia) Old Russian apple brought to USA in 1870 by the USDA. Fruiit is medium sized with smooth transparent yellow skin.
White-fleshed, tender, fine-grained and juicy. Flavor is quite tart and tangy.
(1878 Germany) Ananas Reinette x Purpurroter Agatapfel cross. Medium size fruit, skin yellowish green with dull brownish red flush
and faint stripes, russet dots, streaks and patches, slightly rough, sticky. Flesh fine, firm, rather dry, yellowish white. Flavor sweet subacid.