Home

Orchard Main Page

Antique & Unusual Apples

Red Fleshed Apples

Russet Apples

Pearmain Apples

Pippin Apples

Limbertwig Apples

Gillifower Apples

Cider Apples

Common Favorite Apples

Named Seedling and Unknown Apples

Wanted Apples

Pears

Wanted Pears

Grapes

Other Fruits

Grapes!

At Hocking Hills Orchard, here at the Four Seasons Cabins, we grow many different varieties of Apples, Pears, Grapes and other fruit.

Grapes for eating, grapes for juice and wine making and grapes for jelly, jam and more! Seedless and seeded, small to large in size. Green, yellow, red, blue and black, sweet to spicy and tart, there are a world of flavors in grapes. They are great eating. More great tastes to try.

Grape varieties

  • Beauty Seedless

  • Blue-black, seedless, Scolokertex Kiralynoje x Black Kishmish. Beauty Seedless is a firm skinned, tender fleshed newer variety of seedless grape. It has mild, spicy/sweet flavor and when ripe is a dark blue/black color with a slight bloom. Table grape.
  • Beaver

  • Blue-black grape, released from the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station. An open pollinated seedling of 'Triumph', introduced in 1947. The berry and cluster is medium sized; the pulp is firm, tender, juicy, easily separating from the seed and highly flavored. Table grape.
  • Ben Hur

  • Black grape, complex V.lincecumii x (Norton x Herbemont) variety created by T.V. Munson, introduced in 1903. Table grape.
  • Black Delaware

  • Black grape, open pollinated seedling of Delaware. Per Bushburg Catalogue, "Promised to be a valuable early market grape, and we propagated it and reported it in our third edition of this catalogue, as Delaware Seedling No. 3, but was discarded when it ceased to be healthy. On the experimental farm of the Canadian Department of Agriculture, at Ottawa, it continues, however, very successfully, free from mildew and rot, ripening a few days before Champion and of far superior quality." Per Hedrick, "Fruit resembles Delaware very closely except for the color, which is black." Table grape.
  • Black Rose

  • Black grape, (Damas Rose X Black Monukka) X Ribier (Alphonse Lavallee), introduced in 1941 . Table Grape. Per Brooks and Olmo, "Cluster: large, conical. Berry: large, high quality, skin jet black with a light grayish bloom." Table grape.
  • Bluestar

  • Blue-black grape, Fredonia x Niagara, introduced in 1967. Fruit clusters medium to large, tight. Berries medium, flavor mildly foxy, pleasant. Ripens between Fredonia and Concord, ripening more evenly. Table grape.
  • Bronx Seedless

  • Red, seedless, (Goff x Iona) x Sultanina variety cross. Fruit clusters large, berries small, ripens 1 week before Concord. Table grape.
  • Buffalo

  • Reddish-black, Herbert x Watkins cross, introduced in 1938. Vigorous, productive, early ripening (around 2 weeks before Concord). Produces very sweet, blue slipskin fruit. Table grape.
  • Catawba

  • Reddish-black. Labrusca x Vinifera cross. This historically important variety is a North Carolina chance seedling, selected prior to 1807, that originated in the Piedmont region of that State and was named after the nearby Catawba river. It is commonly used to produce sweet white, red and rose' wines distinguished by a so-called "foxy" aroma component in cases where modern winemaking techniques fail to remove/mitigate the agent responsible. A late-season ripener, giving medium size berries. Table and wine grape.
  • Challenger

  • Dark red violet, seedless, may be a Hubert x Black Monukka cross, introduced in 1983. Released from the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station. Clusters are medium sized, loose with almost no shoulders. Berries are medium sized, tear shaped, orange-red to deep red in color, very meaty and firm with one to two soft, small seeds. Flavor is sweet, with delicate vinifera character and excellent quality. Table grape.
  • Concat Yellowbird

  • Green-yellow. Table grape.
  • Concord

  • Blue-black. Historically important - (introduced to the Northeast USA around 1850) - very hardy native American V.labrusca cultivar producing the characteristic "foxy" flavored style of red wine associated with vitis labrusca vines. Ripens by mid-late October. Like its popular offspring Niagara, (created by a Concord x Cassady crossing in 1868), it produces small vines and low crops unless grafted onto a good growth rootstock (eg. "3309") and planted in soils of optimum fertility. Mainly grown in the Eastern and Mid-Western U.S. and Canada to produce sweet finished wines, grape-juice and desirable fruit-flavored dessert grapes.
  • Concord Seedless

  • Blue-black, seedless, introduced in 1913. The seedless mutation of this most popular American grape hybrid is the heavy producing table grape for the Eastern United States. It is suitable for wine, juice and desserts.
  • Delaware

  • Pink, Labrusca x Aestivalis x Vinifera cross, introduced in 1849. American hybrid grape variety used to make dry, sweet and sparkling white wines of good quality and barely perceptible "foxy" character. Ripens in early to mid-October, it has considerable popularity when made into "ice-wine". Also an excellent (seedbearing) Tablegrape.
  • Diamond

  • Green-yellow. Also known as Moore's Diamond. American native vine and vinifera hybrid grape created (1885) in Brighton, N.Y. by Jacob Moore by crossing the Iona vinifera-labrusca hybrid with Concord. Ripening in early to mid-October, it resembles the latter parent and has been widely grown in western New York state and used for creating sparkling blends and dry varietal wines. Susceptible to fruit-cracking under wet conditions. It is also popular as a tablegrape.
  • Diana

  • Rose. Is an old-line nineteenth century American labruscana variety named after Diana Crehore, the originator, first exhibited in 1843. Once commonly grown in the Finger Lakes region of New York, it was one of the primary parents, along with Muscat Hamburg, whose offspring (Diana Hamburg) was then crossed with the Concord, itself a labrusca-vinifera hybrid, to create the historically interesting secondary hybrid Brighton, one of the later importantly successful american hybrids derived from a vinifera and labrusca variety.
  • Dunkirk

  • Dark red violet, Brighton x Jefferson cross, introduced in 1920. Resembles Delaware but larger, ripens late.
  • Dutchess

  • Green-yellow. American hybrid grape derived from a Concord seedling pollinated by mixed pollens of Delaware, and the long-forgotten Vinifera, Labruscana, Bourquiniana cross Walter variety. These grapes were developed by the prolific hybridizer A.J Caywood in 1868 at the Hudson River (NY) vineyard now occupied (1998) by the Benmarl Vineyard. Used to make fruity, quite sweet white wines with little perceptible "foxy" character. Mainly found in the N. American cool-climate regions of Ontario, Canada and Finger Lakes of N.Y. State where it typically ripens during early to mid-October.
  • Eidelweiss

  • Green-yellow. Created by Elmer Swenson, this cultivar is derived from an Ontario x (Beta x Witt) cross. Very winter-hardy, reportedly to -30 deg. F (approx -34 C). Produces amber colored fruit suitable for wine or as a tablegrape. Usually ripens around a month to five weeks before Concord.
  • Einset Seedless

  • Red, seedless. Patented and released in 1985 by the Geneva Research Station (NY). Early ripening, shy-bearing cool-climate hybrid red tablegrape cultivar with unique strawberrylike flavor. Derived from a Fredonia and Canner cross. Claimed as resistant to Botrytis and very hardy. Also recommended as useful for raisin production.
  • Flame Seedless

  • Red, seedless, Cardinal x {(Red Malaga x Tifafihi Ahmer) x (Mus. Alex. x T.S.)}. Seedless table grape, also suitable for wine-making.
  • Fredonia

  • Blue-black. Very winter hardy native American labruscana hybrid red wine grape similar to and regarded as a close relative of the Concord grape. Although less flavorsome, it ripens some two weeks before its kin. Needs careful pruning for vigor and production to approach that of its kin. Developed in early 20th century. One of the parents of the Bath and Van Buren hybrid grape varieties and useful as an excellent table grape. (See above).
  • Glenora

  • Blue-black, seedless. Derived from an Ontario x Russian Seedless cross. Vigorous, winter hardy to about -15 deg. F (-26 C). Variety reported as suitable for growing in Maine, USA. Reported to be subject to bouts of "millerandage", ie. mixed berry size on the cluster during ripening, where planted in Oregon. Considered to be an extremely high-quality, seedless, large blue-black skinned table grape similar to the yellow-fleshed Himrod. Generally ripens during mid-late October giving berries that, when frozen, have a taste flavor reminiscent of blueberries.
  • Goethe

  • Pale red, Carter x Black Hamburg cross, introduced in 1969. Clusters medium, berries large, oval. Ripens later than Concord. Table grape.
  • Golden Muscat

  • Green-yellow. Hardy, productive vine derived from a (Moore's) Diamond and Muscat Hamburg variety cross. Suitable for white wine production. Tendency to have high acid content in cool climate regions if not fully ripened by mid-late October, but can make intense semi-sweet aromatic wines in good years.
  • Interlaken

  • Green-yellow, seedless. Derived from the same parents as Himrod, this hybrid seedless variety is mainly recommended for use as a strongly flavored table or raisin grape. Usually buds late May and ripens by late August. Capable of producing a white wine, having some aging potential, suitable for blending. Currently grown in some quantity in the Pacific northern coastal regions of N. America and elsewhere. Vigorous with good quality grapes in warmer regions. In cooler areas it is hard frost sensitive. Also may show poor sets with unevenly sized berries. Berry splitting can also be a problem, so much so that some recommend the Reliance, Mars or Vanessa varieties as better tablegrape substitutes.
  • Iona

  • Red. Native American hybrid variety (ie. Diana O.P) developed for use as a wine or tablegrape in New York State in 1855. Somewhat weak, unproductive. Marginally cold hardy. Reported as ripening later than Concord. Historically interesting as one of the parents, the other being Concord, of the Diamond variety. Mild labrusca "foxy" flavor allows use in sparkling wine blends.
  • Jersey Muscat

  • Red.
  • King Philip

  • Dark red violet.
  • Lady Patricia

  • Green. The result of a Seibel 14665 x Seyve Villard 20-365 hybrid cross that ripens around mid-September and has the synonym name of Illinois 182-1).
  • Lakemont

  • Green-yellow, seedless. Hardy, early to mid-October ripening grape developed by Geneva Research Station in Western New York. Suitable for making sweet, white dessert wines similar to, but milder than, Himrod, (see above), having been derived from the same parent cross. Also recommended as a tablegrape.
  • Last Rose

  • Blue-black. Is the result of a Armlong x Jefferson cross developed by T.V. Munson.
  • Leon Millot

  • Blue-black. (Pronounced "lay-on mee-oh"). Earlier (September) ripening french-american hybrid red wine grape than, although derived from same cross, Marechal Foch below. Also known as Millot. Extensively grown in the Alsace region of France where it is known as "le medicin du vin" (or "wine doctor") for its ability to increase the color intensity of a red wine (eg. Pinot Noir) without perceptibly altering the quality. Also extensively planted in the Northeast and Midwest USA. Some consider the wine to be superior to Foch because of more distinct berry aromas. Best harvested at pH 3.4 and 19+ Brix in warmer climates if Carotene-caused discoloration is to be avoided. Market demand thought to be hampered by lack of name recognition.
  • Marechal Foch

  • Red-black. (pronounced "mar-esh-shall-fosh"). Has synonym name Kuhlmann 188-2. Short season french-american hybrid small-cluster grape with hard-cold tolerance to -20 deg. F. (ca -29 C). Having good resistance to the usual diseases, it normally ripens in early September. Grows well in sandy soils, but may need grafting for use in heavier soil types. Prof. Kuhlmann, the hybridizer, reported using an American riparia-rupestris hybrid variety as one of the parents but, confusingly, others argue that he instead somewhat misleadingly used the Oberlin 595 S.P, a Gamay based french-american hybrid developed by his father-in-law, in the cross with Goldriesling that created the offspring cultivar. Noted for producing somewhat light, yet deeply colored and strongly varietal, wines described as having a "Burgundian" character. Usually needs the help of carbonic maceration or hot-pressing to enhance quality. Birds find the small berries very attractive. Also known under the name Foch. (See above).
  • Mars

  • Blue-black, seedless. Largest of the seedless blue berries in medium clusters. Hardy, early variety with moderately vigorous productivity. Recommended as good tablegrape for Oregon. Some describe labrusca flavor profile as similar to the Concord. Normally ripens in the mid-to-late September timeframe.
  • Mills

  • Blue-black. Variety developed about 1870 in Ontario, Canada, reportedly from a Muscat Hamburg seed x Creveling cross. Winter tender and has medium vigor/productivity in New York State. Only succeeds in certain soils, seemingly favoring heavy, rich clay-type soils. Ripens somewhat later than Concord to give large, very dark-red to jet-black skinned berries when fully ripe than can hang until April.
  • Niagara

  • Green-yellow. Root disease and cold resistant, reportedly to -15 deg. F (approx -22 C), native American labruscana hybrid grape derived from Concord and Cassady American hybrids. Introduced in the Northeast USA in 1882. Like its parent Concord counterpart this variety requires quite high heat, soil of optimum fertility and grafting to a good growth rootstock (eg. "3309") for best results. Used to create fruity white wines with strong "grapey" flavor, usually sweet finished, but also found in dry versions. Suitable also as a Table grape. Possibly one of the few native American hybrids that will remain popular in the U.S. because of a wide consumer base created after World War II. Plantings are mainly found in the Eastern and Mid-West regions of the U.S. where it ripens about 1 week earlier than Concord. At its best when blended with a neutral wine.
  • Red Amber

  • Blue-black.
  • Red Caco

  • Red. Winter hardy to -20 deg. F. (ca -29 C.) seeded, sweet red-fruited variety derived from a Concord x Catawba american labruscana variety cross first released around 1947. Heavy producer in most climates, ripening in September. Recommended as good tablegrape for growers in State of Arkansas. (No other details as yet).
  • Reinohli

  • Red-gray.
  • Reliance

  • Red, seedless. Very productive and hardy cultivar recommended as seedless tablegrape suitable for state of Oregon (USA). Medium pink/red berries on large clusters. Reportedly has fruity, diluted, muscat flavor profile. Ripens in mid-to-late September.
  • Rommel

  • Green-yellow.
  • Romulus

  • Green-yellow, seedless. Has synonym name NY 15291. Reported as derived from a Ontario x Thompson Seedless cross and mainly used as a tablegrape.
  • Ruby Seedless

  • Red, seedless. Reported as a Keuka x Ontario cross developed around the mid-1930's at the Geneva Institute of N.Y. Found to lack vigor and overbears with poor hardiness in New York State. Usually ripens around 1 week before Catawba.
  • Scarlet

  • Red. Complex V.labrusca, V.vinifera variety, with red skinned fruit, derived from a Golden Muscat x Teinturier cross.
  • Schuyler

  • Blue-black. Is a cross between Zinfandel and Ontario varieties. A heavy producer, it is early to mid-season ripening. Reported to be susceptible to Crown Gall infection. Severe pruning is needed to keep it from overbearing. The juice is sweet with a vinous taste. Unlike most American hybrids it does not have slip skin fruit. Suitable for Table, Juice or Wine production.
  • Seyve-Villard 20.365

  • Green-yellow.
  • Seyve-Villard 20.365 seedling

  • Has not fruited yet.
  • Steuben

  • Blue-black. Hardy, vigorous American native labrusca variety derived from a Wayne x Sheridan labrusca cross. This blue-black skinned grape is sometimes used to make mild, grapey, blush or white wine. Usually ripens around late September. Also commonly used as juice and tablegrape provider. Found mostly in the Eastern and Mid-West regions of the U.S.. Easily adaptable to most growing sites, cluster thinning is usually necessary.
  • Suffolk Red

  • Red, seedless. Derived from a Fredonia x Kishmish Chernyi cross.
  • Swenson Red

  • Red-gray. American hybrid variety derived from a Minn 78 x Seibel 11803 cross. Mainly suitable as tablegrape. Claimed by some as capable of making a good rosť wine. Susceptible to Downy Mildew. Ripens early and claimed to be hardy to -30 deg. F. (ca -35 C.).
  • Vanessa

  • Red, seedless. Moderately cold hardy, to -20 deg. F (-29 C), early ripening hybrid cultivar released by Vineland, Ontario, Canada, Research Station that generally buds in late May. Is the result from crossing Seneca x NY 45910, the latter cultivar descended from the Bath and Interlaken varieties. Fruity, sweet-tasting berries resistant to cracking in wet conditions. Very disease resistant, ripening about 4-5 weeks before Concord. Very vigorous when first planted but growth slows down eventually with suitable pruning.
  • Venus

  • Reported as an Alden x NY 46000 cross. Vigorous seedless hybrid variety, cold hardy to about -15 deg. F (-26 C). Released by the University of Arkansas. Generally buds in late May and ripens around mid-to-late September in New York. The cultivar gives large berries, in well-filled medium clusters, with a distinctive "muscat and spice" flavor profile. Not always completely seedless. Has susceptibility to rot in wet/humid conditions because of packed berries in the bunch when ripe. This blue-black skinned grape was developed for use in the middle band or south-central states of the U.S.A. Recommended for tablegrape and grapejuice production.
  • Westfield

  • Blue-black.
Home Orchard Main Page Antique & Unusual Apples Red Fleshed Apples

Russet Apples Pearmain Apples Pippin Apples Limbertwig Apples

Gilliflower Apples Cider Apples Common Favorite Apples Named Seedling and Unknown Apples

Wanted Apples Pears Grapes Other Fruits